Confining and compressing the atom★
Quantum Optics and Laser Science Group, Physics Dept. Imperial College London and European Academy EASAL, Paris, France
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Received in final form: 1 September 2020
Accepted: 8 September 2020
Published online: 13 October 2020
A review of effects due to the confinement and compression of atoms is presented. It is argued that they provide new insights into the properties of atoms and, in particular, into their interactions with the microscopic environment. Studies of confined atoms allow one to understand better the changes of behaviour which occur under pressure. Some applications to practical situations are also suggested.
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