Spontaneous spherical symmetry breaking in atomic confinement
Department of Physics and Institute of Theoretical Problems of MicroWorld, Moscow State University, 119991 Leninsky Gory, Moscow, Russia
Received: 10 August 2016
Received in final form: 13 April 2017
Published online: 13 July 2017
The effect of spontaneous breaking of initial SO(3) symmetry is shown to be possible for an H-like atom in the ground state, when it is confined in a spherical box under general boundary conditions of “not going out” through the box surface (i.e. third kind or Robin’s ones), for a wide range of physically reasonable values of system parameters. The most novel and nontrivial result, which has not been reported previously, is that such an effect takes place not only for attractive, but also for repulsive interactions of atomic electrons with the cavity environment. Moreover, in the limit of a large box size R ≫ aB the regime of an atom, soaring over a plane with boundary condition of “not going out”, is reproduced, rather than a spherically symmetric configuration, which would be expected on the basis of the initial SO(3) symmetry of the problem.
Key words: Atomic Physics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2017