Colloquium - Ultraintense and Ultrashort Laser Fields
Semiclassical two-step model for ionization by a strong laser pulse: further developments and applications
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 30167, Hannover, Germany
Accepted: 24 March 2021
Published online: 19 April 2021
We review the semiclassical two-step model for strong-field ionization. The semiclassical two-step model describes quantum interference and accounts for the ionic potential beyond the semiclassical perturbation theory. We discuss formulation and implementation of this model, its further developments, as well as some of the applications. The reviewed applications of the model include strong-field holography with photoelectrons, multielectron polarization effects in ionization by an intense laser pulse, and strong-field ionization of the hydrogen molecule.
© The Author(s) 2021
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