Regular Article – Plasma Physics
Theoretical study of soft X-ray emission and dynamics of laser-induced plasma of double stream gas puff
EATS, Orsay, France
2 NRC Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia
3 Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics RAS, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 21 October 2021
Published online: 12 November 2021
The double stream gas puff-based laser-produced plasma is studied as a source of soft X-ray radiation in nm wavelength spectral range. Dynamics of plasma induced by Nd:YAG laser beam and its emission is simulated with radiation-magnetohydrodynamic code Zstar. The modeling results for krypton gas stream in an annular helium jet as a circumferential gas for various picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses corresponding to the experiments are presented. The spatial–spectral features and temporal behavior of the soft X-ray and EUV emission are investigated. Under ps pulse, the gas is rapidly ionized in the laser beam channel, but it does not have enough time to shift sensibly during the pulse, and the plasma electron density grows against the background of almost constant ion density during the ionization in the laser radiation field. There is ionization instability only capable to be developed in ps range. At ns pulse, the gas ionization and heating leads to gas pushing out of the channel, and the formation of a divergent compression wave transforming into the shock wave. Behind the compression wave front, conditions arise for the development of Rayleigh–Taylor-type instability. The instability leads to the redistribution of plasma temperature and density, and to the formation of increased soft X-ray emission spots. Time evolution of spatial distributions and spectral characteristics of emitted SXR radiation is analyzed for different laser pulses. Transient effects in multicharged ion plasma are discussed, fundamental understanding of those is required for optimization of plasma radiation source. A conversion efficiency of laser energy into soft X-ray wavebands from krypton plasma is scanned by laser parameters and analyzed.
© The Author(s) 2021
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