News / Highlights / Colloquium
- Published on Sunday, 21 October 2012 10:49
A trade-off between photon source settings and detector specific requirements allows the generation of high-fidelity single photons.Many quantum technologies—such as cryptography, quantum computing and quantum networks—hinge on the use of single photons. While she was at the Kastler Brossel Laboratory (affiliated with the Pierre and Marie Curie University, École Normale Supérieure and CNRS) in Paris, France, Virginia d’Auria and her colleagues identified the extent to which photon detector characteristics shape the preparation of a photon source designed to reliably generate single photons. In a paper just published
- Published on Friday, 10 August 2012 15:19
Study describes greater chances of accessing more reliable information on applications in quantum computing and cryptography.
Theoretical physicist Filippo Miatto and colleagues from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, have found a new method of reliably assessing the information contained in photon pairs used for applications in cryptography and quantum computing. The findings, published in EPJD, are so robust that they enable access to the information even when the measurements on photon pairs are imperfect.
- Published on Friday, 10 August 2012 14:51
A Chinese team has performed simulations to help understand the occurrence of multiple solitary optical waves that are used to reconfigure optical beams.
Researchers have designed the first theoretical model that describes the occurrence of multiple solitary optical waves, referred to as dark photovoltaic spatial solitons.
- Published on Friday, 10 August 2012 14:36
Towards a better understanding of subatomic particles using a new cold-atom setup
A team of scientists have made it easier to study atomic or subatomic-scale properties of the building blocks of matter (which also include protons, neutrons and electrons) known as fermions by slowing down the movement of a large quantity of gaseous atoms at ultra-low temperature. This is according to a study recently published in EPJ D as part of a cold quantum matter special issue, by researchers from the Paris-based École Normale Supérieure and the Non-Linear Institute at Nice Sophia-Antipolis University in France.
- Published on Friday, 10 August 2012 14:32
New methods for creating 3D nanostructures deposited on an array of regularly spaced indentations on the surface of silicon films opens the door for innovative nanosensors
Scientists have shown that it is now possible to simultaneously create highly reproductive three-dimensional silicon oxide nanodots on micrometric scale silicon films in only a few seconds. Xavier Landreau and his colleagues at the University of Limoges, France, demonstrated in their paper published in EPJ D that they were able to create a square array of such nanodots, using regularly spaced nanoindents on the deposition layer, that could ultimately find applications as biosensors for genomics or bio-diagnostics.
- Published on Friday, 10 August 2012 14:28
First quantum cloning machine to produce four copiesXi-Jun Ren and Yang Xiang from Henan Universities in China, in collaboration with Heng Fan at the Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have produced a theory for a quantum cloning machine able to produce several copies of the state of a particle at atomic or sub-atomic scale, or quantum state, in an article published in EPJ D. This could have implications for quantum information processing methods used, for example, in message encryption systems.
- Published on Thursday, 15 September 2011 17:00
Scientists from the University of Vienna’s Faculty of Physics in Austria recently gave a theoretical description of teleportation phenomena in sub-atomic scale physical systems, in a publication in the European Physical Journal D.
For the first time, the Austrian team proved that mathematical tools give us the freedom to choose how to separate out the constituting matter of a complex physical system by selectively analysing its so-called quantum state. That is the state in which the system is found when performing measurement, which can either be entangled or not.
- Published on Monday, 16 May 2011 16:30
Quantum information processing requires logical operations with multiple quantum bits. One route to this goal is controlling each qubit with a time-dependent external magnetic field. In this recent paper published in EPJ D, Heule et al. describe ways to perform logical operations on an ENTIRE superconducting qubit chain by controlling just ONE of the end qubits of the chain.
- Published on Thursday, 31 March 2011 15:30
Quantum mechanical measurements are often assumed to be accurate and repeatable. However, due to a fundamental result of Wigner (1952) and Araki and Yanase (1961), we now know that there are limitations to these properties in the presence of aconserved quantity that does not commute with the observable to be measured. Despite its importance and impact on quantum technologies, the full scope of this so-called WAY theorem has remained unclear.
EPJ D - Feshbach resonances in the 6Li-40K Fermi-Fermi mixture: Elastic versus inelastic interactions
- Published on Wednesday, 30 March 2011 17:30
(Cold Quantum Matter - EuroQUAM special issue)
Ultracold mixtures of two fermionic species hold great promise for synthesizing novel types of few and many-body quantum states. Magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances are the key to controlling the interaction in such systems. In this article in EPJD, Naik et al. present a state-of-the-art characterization of Feshbach resonances in the Fermi-Fermi mixture of 6Li-40K atoms, in particular concerning the interplay of both elastic and inelastic scattering.