Regular Article - Atomic and Molecular Collisions
High kinetic energy-ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry investigations of several volatiles and their fully deuterated analogues
Institute for Breath Research, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 66, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
2 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, New Mexico State University, 88003, Las Cruces, NM, USA
3 Department of Chemistry, VERIFIN, Finnish Institute for the Verification of the Chemical Weapons Convention, University of Helsinki, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
4 Institute for Ion Physics and Applied Physics, University of Innsbruck, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
5 Tyrolean Cancer Research Institute, Innrain 66, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
6 Institute of Electrical Engineering and Measurement Technology, Leibniz University Hannover, 30167, Hannover, Germany
Accepted: 10 September 2022
Published online: 7 October 2022
The first High Kinetic Energy-Ion Mobility Spectrometry-Mass Spectrometry (HiKE-IMS-MS) studies involving six volatiles (acetone, acetonitrile, methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and 1-butanol) and their fully deuterated analogues are reported. The goal is to further our understanding of the ion–molecule chemistry occurring in the HiKE-IMS. This is needed for its full analytical potential to be reached. Product ions are identified as a function of the reduced electric field (30–115 Td) and the influence of sample air humidity in the reaction region on deuterium/hydrogen (D/H) exchange reactions is discussed. Reagent ions include H3O+(H2O)m (n = 0, 1, 2 or 3), NO+(H2O)n (m = 0 or 1) and O2+·. Reactions with H3O+(H2O)m lead to protonated monomers (through either proton transfer or ligand switching). Reactions with NO+ involve association with acetone and acetonitrile, hydride anion abstraction from ethanol, 2-propanol, and 1-butanol, and hydroxide abstraction from 2-propanol and 1-butanol. With the exception of acetonitrile, O2+· predominantly reacts with the volatiles via dissociative charge transfer. A number of sequential secondary ion-volatile processes occur leading to the formation of dimer and trimer-containing ion species, whose intensities depend on a volatile’s concentration and the reduced electric field in the reaction region. Deuterium/hydrogen (D/H) exchange does not occur for product ions from acetone-d6 and acetonitrile-d3, owing to their inert methyl functional groups. For the deuterated alcohols, rapid D/H-exchange reaction at the hydroxy group is observed, the amount of which increased with the increasing humidity of the sample air and/or lowering of the reduced electric field.
© The Author(s) 2022. corrected publication 2023
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.