Pointer-based model for state reduction in momentum space
Institut für Quantenphysik and Center for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology (IQ ST), Universität Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, D-89069 Ulm, Germany
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Published online: 6 August 2019
We revisit the pointer-based measurement concept of von Neumann which allows us to model a quantum counterpart of the classical time-of-flight (ToF) momentum. Our approach is based on the Hamiltonian for a particle interacting with two quantum pointers serving as basic measurement devices. The corresponding dynamics leads to a pointer-based ToF observable for the operational momentum of the particle. We can consider single measurements of our quantum pointers and show that this process will result in a state reduction for a single particle being downstream of the time-of-flight setup.
© EDP Sciences / Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2019