Improving the lower bound to the secret-key capacity of the thermal amplifier channel★
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, and Center for Quantum Information Technology, Peking University,
100871, P.R. China
2 Computer Science, University of York, York YO10 5GH, UK
3 Research Lab of Electronics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 13 November 2018
Published online: 17 January 2019
We consider the noisy thermal amplifier channel, where signal modes are amplified together with environmental thermal modes. We focus on the secret-key capacity of this channel, which is the maximum amount of secret bits that two remote parties can generate by means of the most general adaptive protocol, assisted by unlimited and two-way classical communication. For this channel only upper and lower bounds are known, and in this work we improve the lower bound. We consider a protocol based on squeezed states and homodyne detections, in both direct and reverse reconciliation. In particular, we assume that trusted thermal noise is mixed on beam splitters controlled by the parties in a way to assist their homodyne detections. The new improved lower bounds to the secret-key capacity are obtained by optimizing the key rates over the variance of the trusted noise injected, and the transmissivity of the parties’ beam splitters. Our results confirm that there is a separation between the coherent information of the thermal amplifier channel and its secret key capacity.
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