Hydrogen production by conversion of ethanol injected into a microwave plasma★
Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences,
2 Department of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Maritime University, Morska 81-87, 81-225 Gdynia, Poland
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 17 October 2017
Published online: 12 December 2017
Reforming of gaseous and liquid hydrocarbon compounds into hydrogen is of high interest. In this paper we present a microwave (2.45 GHz) plasma-based method for hydrogen production by conversion of ethanol (C2H5OH) in the thermal reforming process in nitrogen plasma. In contrast to our earlier investigations, in which C2H5OH vapour was supplied into the microwave plasma region either in the form of a swirl or axial flow, in this experiment we injected C2H5OH vapour directly into the nitrogen microwave plasma flame, behind the microwave plasma generation region. The experimental results were as follows. At an absorbed microwave power of 5 kW, N2 (plasma-generating gas) swirl flow rate of 2700 NL(N2)/h and C2H5OH mass flow rate of 2.7 kg(C2H5OH)/h the hydrogen production rate was 1016 NL(H2)/h, which corresponds to the energy yield of hydrogen production 203 NL(H2)/kWh. After the C2H5OH conversion the outlet gas contained 27.6% (vol.) H2, 10.2% CO, 0.2% CO2, 4.8% CH4, 4.3% C2H2, 3.7% C2H4 and 3.7% C2H6. These results are comparable to those obtained in our earlier investigations, in which different methods of C2H5OH vapour supply to the microwave plasma generation region were employed.
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