1 Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088, P.R. China
2 Shanghai EBIT Lab, Institute of Modern Physics, Department of Nuclear Science and Technology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P.R. China
3 Department of Radiotherapy, Shanghai Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, P.R. China
4 College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, P.R. China
5 Hebei Key Lab of Optic-Electronic Information and Materials, The College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, P.R. China
Received: 11 December 2016
Published online: 15 June 2017
Employing the independent processes and isolated resonances approximation using distorted-waves (IPIRDW), we perform a large calculation and a detail investigation on resonance enhanced electron impact excitation (EIE) among the 27 singly excited levels from n ≤ 6 configurations of Cu-like gadolinium (Gd, Z = 64). We take into account the RE contributions from both the relevant Zn-like doubly excited series [Ne]3l18n′l′n′′l′′ with n′ = 4–7, and the series [Ne]3l174l4l′n′′l′′. Results show that the RE contributions are significant and enhance effective collision strengths (Υ) of certain excitations by even up to an order of magnitude at low temperature (105.8 K), and still important at relative high temperature (106.8 K), where the fraction abundance of Gd XXXVI is expected at peak. We expect present resonance enhanced EIE results among the 27 levels, which is the first results with the RE contributions from n = 3 → 4 core excitation for Cu-like isoelectronic sequence, are more accurate due to our consideration of RE contributions for this ion for the first time.
Contribution to the Topical Issue “Atomic and Molecular Data and their Applications”, edited by Gordon W.F. Drake, Jung-Sik Yoon, Daiji Kato, and Grzegorz Karwasz.
Supplementary material in the form of one pdf file available from the Journal web page at https://doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2017-70779-4
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2017