Quantum gates driven by microwave pulses in hyperfine levels of ultracold heteronuclear dimers
Laboratoire de Chimie Physique, Université Paris-Sud and CNRS, UMR
2 Département de Chimie, Université de Liège, Bât B6c Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège, Belgium
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Received in final form: 28 April 2011
Published online: 29 July 2011
We theoretically investigated the implementation of universal quantum gates in hyperfine levels of ultracold heteronuclear polar molecules in their lowest rotational manifolds. Quantum bits are manipulated by microwave pulses, taking advantage of the strong state mixing generated by the hyperfine interactions. Gate operations are either driven by a sequence of Gaussian pulses or by a pulse shaped by optimal control theory. Alkaline molecules of experimental interest are considered. We show that high fidelity gates can be driven by microsecond pulses. The richness of the energy structure and the state mixing offer promising perspectives for the manipulation of a large number of qubits.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2011