Multiscale approach to radiation damage induced by ion beams: complex DNA damage and effects of thermal spikes
Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2 Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, 48309, USA
3 On leave from A.F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 194021 St. Petersburg, Russia
Revised: 3 July 2010
Published online: 14 September 2010
We present the latest advances of the multiscale approach to radiation damage caused by irradiation of a tissue with energetic ions and report the calculations of complex DNA damage and the effects of thermal spikes on biomolecules. The multiscale approach aims to quantify the most important physical, chemical, and biological phenomena taking place during and following irradiation with ions and provide a better means for clinically-necessary calculations with adequate accuracy. We suggest a way of quantifying the complex clustered damage, one of the most important features of the radiation damage caused by ions. This quantification allows the studying of how the clusterization of DNA lesions affects the lethality of damage. We discuss the first results of molecular dynamics simulations of ubiquitin in the environment of thermal spikes, predicted to occur in tissue for a short time after an ion's passage in the vicinity of the ions' tracks.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010