The double M-effect induced by noble gases activated with negative ions
Department of Physics, Ovidius University, Constanta, 900527, Romania
Revised: 18 November 2008
Published online: 20 December 2008
The M-effect (monochromatization-effect) is a powerful tool which can give high intensity monochromatic spectra with a certain wavelength depending on the type of used gas mixtures to generate plasma state. The effect consists in the emission of a single spectral line of plasmas ignited in certain gas mixtures. The main condition to obtain the M effect is the presence of an electropositive and an electronegative gas mixture. For example, in the case of Ne+H2 monochrome radiation was obtained, the wavelength of Ne being 585.3 nm (1s2–2p5). In this paper we prove the general character of this effect, i.e. if the optical emission spectra reduced to nearly one line can be observed also in other gas mixture discharges, for example in the case of one electronegative gas and two electropositive gases. Different other mixtures, as Xe+Ne+H2 and Xe+Ar+H2 have been studied. In all these cases, the M-effect appeared without doubt.
PACS: 52.20.Hv – Atomic, molecular, ion, and heavy-particle collisions / 52.27.Cm – Multicomponent and negative-ion plasmas / 52.70.Kz – Optical (ultraviolet, visible, infrared) measurements
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2009