Metastable fragmentation of silver bromide clusters
Laboratoire CAR/IRSAMC (UMR 5589 du CNRS) , Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 30062 Toulouse Cedex, France
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 25 January 2001
Published online: 15 June 2001
The abundance spectra and the fragmentation channels of silver bromide clusters have been measured and analyzed. The most abundant species are AgnBr and AgnBr and Ag14Br is a magic number, revealing their ionic nature. However, some features depart from what is generally observed for alkali-halide ionic clusters. From a certain size, AgnBr is no more the main series, and AgnBr series become almost as important. The fast fragmentation induced by a UV laser makes the cations lose more bromine than silver ions and lead to more silver-rich clusters. Negative ions mass spectra contain also species with more silver atoms than required by stoichiometry. We have investigated the metastable fragmentation of the cations using a new experimental method. The large majority of the cations release mainly a neutral Ag3Br3 cluster. These decay channels are in full agreement with our recent ab initio DFT calculations, which show that Ag+-Ag+ repulsion is reduced due to a globally attractive interaction of their d orbitals. This effect leads to a particularly stable trimer (AgBr)3 and to quasi-planar cyclic structures of (AgBr)n clusters up to n=6. We have shown that these two features may be extended to other silver halides, to silver hydroxides (AgOH)n, and to cuprous halide compounds.
PACS: 36.40.Qv – Stability and fragmentation of clusters
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2001