Regular Article – Plasma Physics
Polarity dependence of CO2 conversion in nanosecond pulsed large gap dielectric barrier discharges
Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology (INP), Felix-Hausdorff-Strasse 2, 17489, Greifswald, Germany
Accepted: 6 February 2023
Published online: 3 March 2023
The splitting of carbon dioxide was investigated for a coaxial dielectric barrier discharge, which was operated with nanosecond high-voltage pulses of 500 ns and amplitudes up to 20 kV at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure. A non-thermal plasma could be established across a gap distance of 4 mm and a length of 90 mm for gas flows of 30–210 sccm of pure CO2 and with admixtures of Argon. The application of high-voltage pulses of either positive or negative polarity resulted in distinct differences in effective conversion and CO production. The highest observed conversion of 6.6%, corresponding to a CO production of 7%, was achieved for positive high-voltage pulses of 20 kV that were applied with a repetition rate of 3 kHz for a ratio of CO2:Ar of 1:2 at a flow rate of 30 sccm. Conversely, an operation with negative high-voltage pulses, for otherwise the same operating parameters, resulted in an effective conversion of only 5.3% and CO production of 5.4%. The corresponding conversion rates for specific energy input (SEI), concerning different operating parameters, could be related to reaction enthalpies that were calculated from thermodynamic functions. The differences in polarity were associated with discharge characteristics, i.e., plasmas appeared more filamentary for positive high-voltage pulses. In this case, a visible plasma could also be established for much lower pulse amplitudes.
© The Author(s) 2023
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