Regular Article – Quantum Optics
Interaction of two-photon NOON state with ultrasonic wave
Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 57, 80-952, Gdańsk, Poland
Accepted: 19 July 2022
Published online: 5 September 2022
The paper presents a classical and quantum description of the diffraction of two light beams incident on an ultrasonic wave at a positive and negative Bragg angle. The quantum description of the interaction with the ultrasonic wave was carried out for the two-photon NOON state. Study of diffraction of entangled pair of photon was performed in Mach–Zehnder interferometer wherein an output beam splitter is replaced by ultrasonic wave. It has been shown theoretically and experimentally that when a pair of photons generated from a parametric down-conversion was incident on two input ports of Mach–Zehnder interferometer with an acousto-optical beam splitter, then two-photon beats are observed at the output of the interferometer. The phenomenon of two-photon beats with the double frequency of the ultrasonic wave is the result of the Doppler effect on the ultrasonic wave. Time-correlated single-photon counting method was used to register the phenomenon of two-photon beats. The method of calibrating the interferometer with the use of an additional light source was presented in detail, which guarantees the observation of interaction of two-photon NOON state with ultrasonic wave.
© The Author(s) 2022
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