Regular Article - Quantum Information
Constructing a ball of separable and absolutely separable states for quantum system
Delhi Technological University, 110042, Delhi, Delhi, India
Accepted: 14 December 2020
Published online: 9 March 2021
Absolute separable states is a kind of separable state that remain separable under the action of any global unitary transformation. These states may or may not have quantum correlation and these correlations can be measured by quantum discord. We find that the absolute separable states are useful in quantum computation even if it contains infinitesimal quantum correlation in it. Thus to search for the class of two-qubit absolute separable states with zero discord, we have derived an upper bound for , where denoting all zero discord states. In general, the upper bound depends on the state under consideration but if the state belong to some particular class of zero discord states then we found that the upper bound is state independent. Later, it is shown that among these particular classes of zero discord states, there exist sub-classes which are absolutely separable. Furthermore, we have derived necessary conditions for the separability of a given qubit–qudit states. Then, we used the derived conditions to construct a ball for quantum system described by , where the quantum system is described by the density operator which can be expressed by block matrices X, Y and Z with . In particular, for qubit–qudit system, we show that the newly constructed ball contain larger class of absolute separable states compared to the ball described by . Lastly, we have derived the necessary condition in terms of purity for the absolute separability of a qubit–qudit system under investigation.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021