Regular Article - Cold Matter and Quantum Gases
Novel soliton in dipolar BEC caused by the quantum fluctuations
Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho-Maklaya Street, 117198, Moscow, Russian Federation
Accepted: 1 February 2021
Published online: 15 February 2021
Solitons in the extended hydrodynamic model of the dipolar Bose–Einstein condensates with the quantum fluctuations are considered. This model includes the continuity equation for the scalar field of concentration, the Euler equation for the vector field of velocity, the pressure evolution equation for the second rank tensor of pressure, and the evolution equation for the third rank tensor. Large amplitude soliton solution caused by the dipolar part of the quantum fluctuations is found. It appears as the bright soliton. Hence, it is the area of compression of the number of particles. Moreover, it exists for the repulsive short-range interaction.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021