Feasibility of the ion-trap simulation of a class of non-equilibrium phase transitions
Instituto de Física Enrique Gaviola, CONICET and Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5016LAE Córdoba, Argentina
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Received in final form: 9 September 2019
Published online: 19 November 2019
Our work analyzes the potential of ion traps for the experimental simulation of non-equilibrium phase transitions observed in certain spin-chain models which can be mapped to free-fermion systems. In order to make the dynamics more accessible to an experimenter, we first consider relatively small systems, with few particles. We analyze phase transitions in the non-equilibrium asymptotic regimes of an XY spin chain with a transverse magnetic field and coupled to Markovian baths at the end sites. We study a static open system and a case when the spin chain is periodically kicked. Notably, in the latter case for some anisotropy parameters the dependence on the system size converges rapidly to the many-particle limit, thus facilitating the experimental observation of the dynamics. We also define local observables that indicate the presence of the quantum phase transitions of interest, and we study the effects of the long-range character of the typical interactions obtained in ion traps.
Key words: Quantum Information
© EDP Sciences / Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2019