Adjustable vector Airy light-sheet single optical tweezers: negative radiation forces on a subwavelength spheroid and spin torque reversal
Chevron, Area 52 Technology – ETC,
a e-mail: F.G.Mitri@ieee.org
Received in final form: 17 November 2017
Published online: 25 January 2018
Generalized solutions of vector Airy light-sheets, adjustable per their derivative order m, are introduced stemming from the Lorenz gauge condition and Maxwell’s equations using the angular spectrum decomposition method. The Cartesian components of the incident radiated electric, magnetic and time-averaged Poynting vector fields in free space (excluding evanescent waves) are determined and computed with particular emphasis on the derivative order of the Airy light-sheet and the polarization on the magnetic vector potential forming the beam. Negative transverse time-averaged Poynting vector components can arise, while the longitudinal counterparts are always positive. Moreover, the analysis is extended to compute the optical radiation force and spin torque vector components on a lossless dielectric prolate subwavelength spheroid in the framework of the electric dipole approximation. The results show that negative forces and spin torques sign reversal arise depending on the derivative order of the beam, the polarization of the magnetic vector potential, and the orientation of the subwavelength prolate spheroid in space. The spin torque sign reversal suggests that counter-clockwise or clockwise rotations around the center of mass of the subwavelength spheroid can occur. The results find useful applications in single Airy light-sheet tweezers, particle manipulation, handling, and rotation applications to name a few examples.
Key words: Optical Phenomena and Photonics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2018