Lowest autodetachment state of the water anion*
Institute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of
Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00
a e-mail: Martin.Cizek@mff.cuni.cz
Received in final form: 18 March 2016
Published online: 12 May 2016
The potential energy surface of the ground state of the water anion H2O− is carefully mapped using multireference CI calculations for a large range of molecular geometries. Particular attention is paid to a consistent description of both the O−+H2 and OH−+H asymptotes and to a relative position of the anion energy to the ground state energy of the neutral molecule. The autodetachment region, where the anion state crosses to the electronic continuum is identified. The local minimum in the direction of the O− + H2 channel previously reported by Werner et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 87, 2913 (1987)] is found to be slighly off the linear geometry and is separated by a saddle from the autodetachment region. The autodetachment region is directly accessible from the OH−+H asymptote. For the molecular geometries in the autodetachment region and in its vicinity we also performed fixed-nuclei electron-molecule scattering calculations using the R-matrix method. Tuning of consistency of a description of the correlation energy in both the multireference CI and R-matrix calculations is discussed. Two models of the correlation energy within the R-matrix method that are consistent with the quantum chemistry calculations are found. Both models yield scattering quantities in a close agreement. The results of this work will allow a consistent formulation of the nonlocal resonance model of the water anion in a future publication.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2016