Compression of ultra-short pulses due to cascaded second order nonlinearities in photonic bandgap structures
Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, 110025
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Received in final form: 3 November 2015
Published online: 29 March 2016
The cascaded second order nonlinearities in a 1-D photonic bandgap structure (1-D PBG) in the spectral domain have been explored. A weak signal pulse operating at frequency of interest is seeded with a strong pulse operating at its second harmonic (SH) frequency. The interaction of both pulses in the periodic structure takes place with a particular phase mismatch condition. The intensity of SH pulse controls the propagation of signal pulse and the signal pulse exhibits pulse compression at particular input SH intensity. Considering the parameter for GaInP/InAlP PBG structure we have demonstrated pulse compression from 290 fs to 155 fs. The dependency of pulse compression on the structural parameters, group velocity mismatch, group velocity dispersion and input intensity of pump has also been explored.
Key words: Optical Phenomena and Photonics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2016