Structural, electronic and optical properties of 7-atom Ag-Cu nanoclusters from density functional theory
State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing,
Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian
Received in final form: 17 January 2014
Published online: 23 April 2014
The structures and electronic properties of 7-atom silver and copper bimetallic clusters are systematically investigated by density functional theory (DFT) in the theoretical frame of the generalised gradient approximation (GGA) exchange-correlation functional. Optical absorption, Raman spectra, as well as vibrational spectra are calculated by DFT/GGA and semi-core pseudopotentials. The lowest-energy stable motifs are primarily related to the quantity of Cu-Cu bonds and Ag-Cu bonds. The Ag5Cu2 2-I with D5h symmetry cluster is the lowest energy cluster in the family of the 7-atom Ag-Cu nanoclusters, but has the lowest electronic stability. The Ag5Cu2 2-I, Ag4Cu3 3-I and Ag3Cu4 4-I clusters with mixed motifs indicate that silver and copper may be miscible on the nanoscale but not in bulk. Overall, with increasing Cu atoms, for the lowest energy nanoclusters, blue-shift of the maximum absorption peaks presents in the UV-Vis wavelength range, the intensities of the maximum peak of the Raman spectra weaken, the Cu atom(s) introduced make the vibrational spectra complex, and the intensities of the vibrational spectra strengthen. The calculated vibrational and Raman spectroscopy of 7-atom Ag-Cu clusters may be helpful in determining the size and structure of the experimental cluster.
Key words: Clusters and Nanostructures
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2014