Design of an optical reference cavity with low thermal noise limit and flexible thermal expansion properties
MOE Key Laboratory of Fundamental Quantities Measurement School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, P.R. China
Received: 22 July 2012
Received in final form: 3 December 2012
Published online: 7 March 2013
An ultra-stable optical reference cavity with re-entrant fused silica mirrors and a ULE (Ultra Low Expansion) spacer structure is designed for the ultranarrow clock laser for an Al+ optical standard. The designed cavity has a low thermal noise limit of 1 × 10-16 and a flexible zero crossing temperature of the effective coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). The CTE zero crossing temperature difference between a composite cavity and a pure ULE cavity can be tuned from −10°C to 23°C, which enables operation of the designed reference cavity near room temperature without worrying about the CTE zero crossing temperature of the ULE spacer. This design can also be applied to cavities with different lengths. Vibration immunity of the cavity is also achieved through structure optimization.
Key words: Optical Phenomena and Photonics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2013