Low-field mobilities of rare-earth metals*
Fakultät für Physik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,
2 Institut für Kernphysik der Universität Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany
Present address: Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionen forschung,
Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany.
Received in final form: 29 June 2012
Published online: 6 September 2012
In this paper, a dedicated ion mobility spectrometer for heavy element research will be presented. Like most advanced mobility spectrometers, the presented apparatus is equipped with a mass spectrometer for isotope-selective detection. In addition, the sample atoms are ionized by exploiting the element-selective laser resonance ionization techniques. First systematic studies at various lanthanide elements have shown that their low-field mobilities in argon are quite similar. The only exception is the element gadolinium, which exhibited an 8% lower reduced mobility of 1.692(24) cm2/V s. This anomaly is assumed to be a direct consequence of occupying the d- instead of an f-orbital in singly charged gadolinium, which in turn has a significant impact on the gadolinium-argon interaction potential.
Key words: Atomic Physics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2012