Laser fields at flat interfaces: I. Vector potential
Institut de Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay (UMR8214), CNRS and
Univ. Paris-Sud 11, Bât.
a e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 31 March 2012
Published online: 12 July 2012
A model calculating the laser fields at a flat structureless surface taking into account the surface photoelectric effect is presented. The photon is p or transverse magnetic linearly polarized, continuous and its wave length is long, i.e. λvac ≥ 12.4 nm. The sharp rise of the electron density at the interface generates an atomic scale spatial dependence of the laser field. In real space and in the temporal gauge, the vector potential A of the laser is obtained as a solution of the classical Ampère-Maxwell and the material equations. The susceptibility is a product of the electron density of the material system with the surface and of the bulk tensor and non-local isotropic (TNLI) polarizability. The electron density is obtained quantum mechanically by solving the Schrödinger equation. The bulk TNLI polarizability including dispersion is calculated from a Drude-Lindhard-Kliewer model. In one dimension perpendicular to the surface the components and of the vector potential are solutions of the Ampère-Maxwell system of two coupled integro-differential equations. The model, called vector potential from the electron density-coupled integro-differential equations (VPED-CIDE), is used here to obtain the electron escape probability from the power density absorption, the reflectance, the electron density induced by the laser and Feibelman’s parameters d∥ and d⊥. Some preliminary results on aluminium surfaces are given here and in a companion paper the photoelectron spectra are calculated with results in agreement with the experiment.
Key words: Optical Phenomena and Photonics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2012