Quenching vibrations of cesium dimers by He at low and ultralow temperatures: quantum dynamical calculations
Department of Chemistry and CNISM, “Sapienza” University of
Rome, Piazzale A. Moro
2 Department of Chemistry, KoçUniversity, Rumelifeneriyolu, 34450 Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey
Received in final form: 30 May 2011
Published online: 19 September 2011
This paper analyses in detail the energy redistribution from the upper vibrational levels of Cs dimers, thought to be obtained from initial recombination processes that generate excited internal states of the triplet configuration 3Σu+. Their quenching is examined as they are made to further collide with 4He buffer gas at temperatures below and around 100 mK. The relevant cross sections are computed by using a multichannel quantum dynamical approach and employ a full, ab initio potential energy surface. Due to their smallness (see Ref. [R.B. Ross, J.M. Powers, T. Atashroo, W.C. Ermler, I.A. LaJohn, P. Christiansen, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 6654 (1999)]) the fine structure effects have not been explicitly included in this study. The final, cumulative cross-sections are discussed and analyzed in terms of the overall quenching behavior shown by different initial states of the dimer and in terms of the changing ratios between collisional cooling and vibrational quenching cross sections as a function of trap temperature. The corresponding quenching rates are also computed and analysed.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2011