Production of a dual-species Bose-Einstein condensate of Rb and Cs atoms
Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität
2 Institut für Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Received: 7 January 2011
Received in final form: 31 January 2011
Published online: 25 March 2011
We report the simultaneous production of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) of 87Rb and 133Cs atoms in separate optical traps. The two samples are mixed during laser cooling and loading but are separated by 400 μm for the final stage of evaporative cooling. This is done to avoid considerable interspecies three-body recombination, which causes heating and evaporative loss. We characterize the BEC production process, discuss limitations, and outline the use of the dual-species BEC in future experiments to produce rovibronic ground state molecules, including a scheme facilitated by the superfluid-to-Mott-insulator (SF-MI) phase transition.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2011