The nature of binding in the ground state of the scandium dimer
Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional
Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 20 November 2010
Published online: 15 April 2011
For the study of the nature of binding in the Sc2 dimer, the ground state, X5Σu–, was calculated by the valence multireference configuration interaction method with single and double excitations plus Davidson correction, MRCISD (+Q), at the complete basis set (CBS) limit. The employment of the C2v symmetry group, allowed us to obtain the Sc atoms in different states at the dissociation limit. From the Mulliken population analysis and comparison with atomic energies follows that in the ground state Sc2 dissociates on one Sc in the ground state and the other in the second excited quartet state, 4Fu. The spectroscopic parameters of the ground potential curve, obtained at the valence MRCISD (+Q)/CBS level, are: Re = 5.20 bohr, De = 50.37 kcal/mol, and ωe = 234.5 cm-1. The obtained value for the harmonic frequency agrees very well with the experimental one, ωe = 239.9 cm-1. The dissociation energy with reference to the dissociation on two Sc in the ground states was estimated as De = 9.98 kcal/mol. In contrast with many other studied transition-metal dimers, which are attributed to the van der Waals bonded molecules, the Sc2 dimer is stabilized by the covalent bonding on the hybrid atomic orbitals.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2011