Robust schemes for the generation of multipartite entanglement for remote atoms with cross-Kerr nonlinearity
School of Physics and Material Science, Anhui University, Hefei, 230039, P.R. China
a e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 30 November 2010
Published online: 18 February 2011
Based on the interference effect of indistinguishable polarized photons leaking out of separated cavities with each atom trapped in separate cavity, using quantum nondemolition detection, we propose the robust schemes for the generation of N-atom GHZ state, three-atom W state and four-atom cluster state with a certain success probability. In Lamb-Dicke limit, the schemes do not require the simultaneous click of the photon-detectors. These made the schemes more realizable in experiments. Meanwhile, the advantage of the scheme is that the fidelity of the entangled states is not affected by the atomic spontaneous, cavity decay, and imperfection of the photodetectors. The schemes would be useful steps towards long-distance quantum communication.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2011