A new algorithm for the evaluation of equilibrium inter nuclear bond distance of heteronuclear diatomic molecules based on the hardness equalization principle
Department of Chemistry, University of Kalyani, 741235 Kalyani, India
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 9 April 2010
Published online: 14 January 2011
In this report, we have derived a formula for evaluating the equilibrium inter nuclear bond distances of heteronuclear diatomics relying upon the concept of hardness equalization principle. We have relied upon the fact that the hardness, like the electronegativity, is a qualitative property and since there is much commonality in the basic philosophy of the origin and the operational significance of these two fundamental descriptors – the electronegativity and the hardness, there should be a physical process of hardness equalization similar to the electronegativity equalization. Starting from the radial dependent formula of computing hardness of atoms suggested by us and relying upon the hypothesis of hardness equalization principle, we have derived an algorithm for computing the equilibrium inter nuclear bond distance of hetero nuclear diatomics as RAB(Å) ≈ C(14.4/), where (eV) is the molecular hardness, C is the constant depends on the fundamental nature of hardness e.g. the bond type, steric factor etc. The optimized value of C is 0.95. We have invoked the algorithm stated above to compute the equilibrium inter nuclear bond lengths of as many as four different sets of compounds with widely divergent chemico-physical properties. In order to explore the efficaciousness of the formula derived in the present work, we have performed a validity test by comparing the theoretically evaluated bond distances vis-à-vis their corresponding spectroscopic counterparts. The comparative study reveals the surprising results that in majority of cases, the theoretical bond distances just superimpose upon the experimental bond distances. Thus, it is transparent that the hardness equalization principle is justifiably a physical process during the formation of molecule.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2011