Composition and thermodynamic properties of thermal plasma with condensed phases
Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Technická 2848/10, 616 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2 Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Purkyňova 464/118, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Revised: 23 August 2010
Published online: 10 November 2010
The initial relations of a method for calculating the composition and thermodynamic properties of a closed heterogeneous system in thermodynamic equilibrium at constant pressure and temperature are given. The gaseous phase is always present in the system, and substances in the condensed state can also be present, which are divided into several condensed phases. The essence of the method consists in the minimizing the Gibbs energy of a system in ideal state. The application possibilities of the method described are discussed in detail. The main aim of the article is to provide solutions to problems arising in the calculations of composition and thermodynamic properties. These problems are not only of physico-chemical nature but they also relate to the numerical calculations and stability. The nature of the problems is general and independent of computation method.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010