Impact of fiber birefringence on correlated photon pair generation in highly nonlinear microstructure fibers
Room 113, Wei Qing Building, Department of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, P.R. China
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 20 April 2010
Accepted: 12 May 2010
Published online: 11 June 2010
In this paper, correlated photon pair generation in a piece of highly nonlinear microstructure fiber with birefringence is investigated experimentally under different pump polarization directions. In the experimental condition, correlated photon pairs are generated by two independent scalar scattering processes along the two fiber polarization axes. Under linearly polarized pump light with a polarization direction of 45° with respect to the fiber polarization axes, the polarization entangled characteristics of generated two-photon state is demonstrated. The two-photon interference fringes are measured with fringe visibilities of 96 ± 3% and 87 ± 4% under two non-orthogonal detecting polarization directions at signal side. The experimental results are discussed using the quantum theory of spontaneous parametric fluorescence in birefringent fibers, showing that the pump polarization dependence of correlated photon pair generation in the highly nonlinear microstructure fiber is due to its group birefringence. The experiment and theoretical analysis show that fiber birefringence has important impact on correlated photon pair generation, which provides a simple way to generate maximum polarization entanglement in fibers.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010