Self-field effects on electron dynamics in a three-dimensional helical wiggler free-electron laser with axial magnetic field
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sfax, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
2 Preparatory Institute for Engineering Studies (IPEIS), University of Sfax, 3018 Sfax, Tunisia
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 10 January 2010
Published online: 16 February 2010
An analytic linear theory of the electron dynamics in a three-dimensional helical wiggler free electron laser (FEL) with axial magnetic field is presented. Orbits are obtained by perturbing the steady state-trajectories in order to determine the characteristic frequencies Ω± of the FEL. The effect of the self-fields on electron dynamics is studied and modified steady-state orbits and their stabilities have been analysed considering variation of electron energy and density. Among the features encountered is that in both group-I and group-II, one of the characteristic frequencies may have either signs affecting then the stability of the motion, while in group-II operation a repulsion of the frequencies at a pseudocrossing leads to highly perturbed trajectories when the wiggler frequency is approximately half the cyclotron frequency. Self-fields effects can significantly impair the stability of the electron orbits. For group-I orbits, they are more important for higher wiggler frequencies and lower beam energies. For group-II orbits, they remain less important for higher wiggler frequencies and lower beam energies before reaching the inversion zone, then they behave as for group-I orbits. It should be remarked that self-fields shift the inversion zone towards higher cyclotron frequencies the thing that is obtained by either decreasing the wiggler frequency or increasing the beam energy. It is shown that the axial velocity-induced self-magnetic field has a diamagnetic effect for both groups orbits, while the wiggler-induced self-magnetic field has a diamagnetic effect for group-I orbits and a paramagnetic effect for group-II orbits. The paramagnetic and diamagnetic effects are more important for higher beam energies and densities.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010