Ultrafast coherent population transfer driven by two few-cycle laser pulses
Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, Republic of China
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 19 November 2009
Published online: 16 February 2010
We investigate ultrafast coherent population transfer driven by few-cycle pump and Stokes laser pulses in the Λ-type three-level system with the stimulated Raman adiabatic passage technique beyond the rotating-wave approximation. In contrast to the case with the rotating wave approximation, the most efficient population transfer may be realized without the satisfaction of the one-photon resonances or two-photon resonance and the transfer efficiency depends critically on the Rabi frequencies and initial optical phases of the two laser fields when the peak Rabi frequencies are much larger than the respective transition frequencies. Moreover, complete and robust population transfer can still be obtained with the variations of the Rabi frequencies, pulse durations, and one-photon or two-photon detuning in a moderate range, though a considerable transient population may reside in the excited state. These abnormal behaviors result from the counterrotating terms, which are not taken into account in the traditional rotating wave approximation.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010