Impact-parameter-dependent electronic stopping of swift ions
I. Binary theoryA. Schinner1 and P. Sigmund2
1 Institut f. Experimentalphysik, Johannes-Kepler-Universität, 4040 Linz-Auhof, Austria
2 Department of Physics and Chemistry, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
Received 13 May 2009 / Received in final form 13 August 2009 / Published online 3 October 2009
A computational scheme has been developed to estimate the mean electronic energy loss of an incident swift ion on an atomic target as a function of the impact parameter between the moving nuclei. The theoretical basis is binary stopping theory. In order to extract impact-parameter dependencies it was necessary to incorporate the spatial distribution of the target electrons. This distribution is immaterial for the stopping cross section and straggling parameter. Incorporating it into the existing formalism involves additional numerical integrations. The emphasis in the present paper is laid on verifying the reliability of the scheme. Existing theoretical estimates with comparable input are based on the Born approximation and, more or less explicitly, refer to incident protons. Since the present estimates are based on classical stopping theory, a rough inverse-Bloch correction has been developed to ensure a meaningful comparison. Good agreement is obtained in general, and where discrepancies are found, their origin, whether in the present scheme or the Born approximation, is discussed. The formalism incorporates the Barkas-Andersen effect as well as screening and shell corrections. While these effects play determining roles in the stopping cross section, illustrating their role in the impact-parameter dependence reveals interesting qualitative features, in particular in the dependence on ion charge.
34.50.Bw - Energy loss and stopping power.
34.50.Fa - Electronic excitation and ionization of atoms (including beam-foil excitation and ionization).
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2009