Cluster model of aluminum dense vapor plasma
Joint Institute for High Temperatures of RAS, 125412 Moscow, Russia
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 30 January 2009
Published online: 26 March 2009
The chemical model of aluminum vapor plasma, that take into account the formation of neutral and charged clusters, is suggested. Caloric and thermal equations of state and composition of plasma were received using the available information about properties of metal clusters. It is shown, that aluminum vapors are clusterized with decrease of temperature and with increase of density. Pressure dependence on internal energy is calculated and comparison with experimental data is made. The important role of aluminum clusters, especially in an initial phase of the metals vapor heating, is demonstrated. It is shown, that the region of plasma clusterization in gaseous phase agree with known literature data for binodal of vapor-liquid transition from gaseous region. Suggested cluster model may be used to forecast the location of metal vapors binodal. The conductivity of aluminum vapor plasma was calculated. The satisfactory agreement with available experimental data is received.
PACS: 52.25.Kn – Thermodynamics of plasmas / 52.25.Fi – Transport properties
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2009