Size controlled synthesis of semiconductor nanocrystals in a continuous-flow mode microcapillary reactor
National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, P.R. China
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 24 January 2009
A microcapillary reactor with 320 μm inner diameter was utilized for CdSe nanoparticle synthesis. The influence of the reaction temperature and flow rate of precursors on the size and size distribution of prepared CdSe nanoparticles was systematically studied. The as-prepared nanoparticles exhibit sharp excitonic absorption and photoluminescence peak (FWHM 30 nm) with a quantum-yield around 10–40%. The microcapillary reactor was also used for CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanoparticle synthesis in continuous-flow mode. The quantum yield of the core-shell nanoparticles was found to be considerably influenced by the reactor temperature and have a close correlation with the thickness of ZnS shell under growth. An optimized quantum yield up to 70% was obtained for the CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanoparticles.
PACS: 73.63.Kv – Quantum dots
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2009