On the interaction of a beam of polar molecules with a static and a resonant RF field as a source of molecular interferences
Unidad de Láseres y Haces Moleculares, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense, Madrid 28040, Spain
2 Departamento de Química Física, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia 30100, Spain
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 19 September 2008
A molecular beam interference model is presented based on a two-state interaction between a polar molecule and a resonant RF field as it occurs in the so-called C-field of a typical molecular beam electric resonant spectrometer. The treatment shows the onset of interferences in the beam transmission spectra as well as in its transverse profile. It is demonstrated how the molecular interferences are originated by the wavefunction phase shift introduced by the resonant RF field. Furthermore it is shown that for a given beam velocity and oscillating field frequency the fringes' visibility depends on the strength of the RF field, i.e. the Rabi frequency, in the transmission spectra. Likewise the presence of a RF field gradient in the perpendicular beam direction gives rise to a peak structure in the transverse beam profile. The theoretical model was applied to simulate a variety of beam transmission spectra under resonant conditions as well as some experimental data already published by our group showing a satisfactory agreement between experimental and simulated data. Finally, the potentiality of this internal state molecular interferometer to carry out studies in matter-wave interferometry is remarked.
PACS: 32.60.+i – Zeeman and Stark effects / 37.20.+j – Atomic and molecular beam sources and techniques / 37.25.+k – Atom interferometry techniques
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2008