Macroscopic-microscopic theory of semi-spheroidal atomic cluster
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), PO Box MG-6, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele, Romania
2 Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), J.W. Goethe Universität, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 11 April 2008
The macroscopic-microscopic method is adapted to atomic clusters deposited on a surface. Analytical relationships for the deformation-dependent liquid drop model (LDM) energies of oblate and prolate semi-spheroidal atomic clusters have been obtained. A superdeformed prolate semi-spheroid is the most stable semi-spheroidal shape within LDM. It is also the shape with maximum degeneracy of quantum states of the semi-spheroidal harmonic oscillator used to compute the shell and pairing corrections. The microscopic corrections as well as total deformation energy show parabolic valley and ridges of the potential energy surfaces in the plane (deformation, number of atoms). The ground state and isomeric state deformation of clusters of various sizes depends on the interplay between the minima of LDM and shell correction energies.
PACS: 36.40.Qv – Stability and fragmentation of clusters / 73.22.Dj – Single particle states / 31.50.-x – Potential energy surfaces
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2008