Entangling single photons on a beamsplitter
CNRS - Laboratoire de Photonique et Nanostructures, Route de Nozay, 91460 Marcoussis, France
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 7 January 2008
Published online: 6 February 2008
We report on a scheme for the creation of time-bin entangled states out of two subsequent single photons. Both photons arrive on the same input port of a beamsplitter and the situation in which the photons leave the beamsplitter on different output ports is post-selected. We derive a full quantum mechanical analysis of such time-bin entanglement for emitters subject to uncorrelated dephasing processes and apply this model to sequential single photons emerging from a single semiconductor quantum dot. Our results indicate that the visibility of entanglement is degraded by decoherence effects in the quantum dot, but can be restored by use of CQED effects, namely the Purcell effect.
PACS: 42.50.Dv – Quantum state engineering and measurements / 78.67.Hc – Quantum dots / 85.35.Ds – Quantum interference devices
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2008