Precision of single-qubit gates based on Raman transitions
Laboratoire de Spectrométrie Physique, CNRS, Université de Grenoble 1, St. Martin d'Hères, France
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 March 2007
We analyze the achievable precision for single-qubit gates that are based on off-resonant Raman transitions between two near-degenerate ground states via a virtually excited state. In particular, we study the errors due to non-perfect adiabaticity and due to spontaneous emission from the excited state. For the case of non-adiabaticity, we calculate the error as a function of the dimensionless parameter χ=Δτ, where Δ is the detuning of the Raman beams and τ is the gate time. For the case of spontaneous emission, we give an analytical argument that the gate errors are approximately equal to Λ γ/Δ, where Λ is the rotation angle of the one-qubit gate and γ is the spontaneous decay rate, and we show numerically that this estimate holds to good approximation.
PACS: 03.67.Lx – Quantum computation / 73.21.La – Quantum dots
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2007