Ramsey interferometry with guided ultracold atoms
Departamento de Química-Física, Universidad del País Vasco, Apartado Postal 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 13 September 2006
We examine the passage of ultracold two-level atoms in a waveguide through two separated laser fields for the nonresonant case. We show that implications of the atomic quantised motion change dramatically the behaviour of the interference fringes compared to the semiclassical description of this optical Ramsey interferometer. Using two-channel recurrence relations we are able to express the double-laser scattering amplitudes by means of the single-laser ones and to give explicit analytical results. When considering slower and slower atoms, the transmission probability of the system changes considerably from an interference behaviour to a regime where scattering resonances prevail. This may be understood in terms of different families of trajectories that dominate the overall transmission probability in the weak field or in the strong field limit.
PACS: 42.50.Ct – Quantum description of interaction of light and matter; related experiments / 03.75.-b – Matter waves / 39.20.+q – Atom interferometry techniques
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2006