Postponement of dark-count effects in practical quantum key-distribution by two-way post-processing
Institut für Angewandte Physik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 20 June 2006
Published online: 14 July 2006
The influence of imperfections on achievable secret-key generation rates of quantum key distribution protocols is investigated. As examples of relevant imperfections, we consider tagging of Alice's qubits and dark counts at Bob's detectors, while we focus on a powerful eavesdropping strategy which takes full advantage of tagged signals. It is demonstrated that error correction and privacy amplification based on a combination of a two-way classical communication protocol and asymmetric Calderbank-Shor-Steane codes may significantly postpone the disastrous influence of dark counts. As a result, the distances are increased considerably over which a secret key can be distributed in optical fibres reliably. Results are presented for the four-state, the six-state, and the decoy-state protocols.
PACS: 03.67.Dd – Quantum cryptography / 03.67.Hk – Quantum communication
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2006