Optical pumping and coherence effects in fluorescence from a four level system
Optics Lab, Raman Research Institute, Sadashivnagar, Bangalore, 560 080, India
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 22 March 2006
Published online: 18 May 2006
An effective four-level system around the D2 line of 85Rb at room temperature, is experimentally investigated by fluorescent studies under the action of two driving fields L1 and L2. This system exhibits unique features in fluorescence as a function of frequency separation between L1 and L2. In particular, at two-photon resonance, when the Rabi frequency of L1 exceeds that of L2, signatures of Electromagnetically Induced Transperancy effect (EIT) arising from the three-level Λ sub-system is present as a sub-natural dip in fluorescence from the fourth level. At comparable strengths of L1 and L2 the fluorescence features indicate a regime, where the effects arising from optical pumping and EIT effect due to ground hyperfine level coherence coexist. We see in the coexistence regime, saturation effects arising from difference frequency crossing (DFC) resonances and optical pumping around the EIT window. At low strengths of L1, all signs of coherence vanishes from the system and the fluorescent features result from incoherent optical pumping through the Autler-Townes split states of the excited state hyperfine levels, which are split due to the stronger L2 laser. The dominant role of the L1 laser in creating a robust transparency signal even in the presence of an off-resonant excitation is brought out. The results are supported by density matrix calculations.
PACS: 32.80.Qk – Coherent control of atomic interaction with photons / 33.80.Be – Level crossing and optical pumping
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2006