A high-sensitivity laser-pumped Mx magnetometer
Physics Department, Université de Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 3, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
2 Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland
Corresponding author: a Antoine.Weis@unifr.ch
Published online: 21 February 2006
We discuss the design and performance of a laser-pumped cesium vapor magnetometer in the Mx configuration. The device will be employed in the control and stabilization of fluctuating magnetic fields and gradients in a new experiment searching for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron. We have determined the intrinsic sensitivity of the device to be 15 fT in a 1 Hz bandwidth, limited by technical laser noise. In the shot noise limit the magnetometer can reach a sensitivity of 10 fT in a 1 Hz bandwidth. We have used the device to study the fluctuations of a stable magnetic field in a multi-layer magnetic shield for integration times in the range of 2–100 seconds. The residual fluctuations for times up to a few minutes are traced back to the instability of the power supply used to generate the field.
PACS: 07.55.Ge – Magnetometers for magnetic field measurements / 32.30.Dx – Magnetic resonance spectra / 32.70.Jz – Line shapes, widths, and shifts
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2006