Phase (or gauge) invariance and new field-free Aharonov-Bohm effects
Centro de Física Fundamental, Facultad de Ciencias Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, 5101, Venezuela
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 13 December 2005
The criteria for phase invariance of quantum effects of the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) type are revised. Gauge invariance, duality and other properties of the electromagnetic interaction lead to new field-free quantum effects of the AB type for interfering beams of particles with opposite charges or magnetic dipole moments.
PACS: 03.30.+p – Special relativity / 39.20.+q – Atom interferometry techniques / 03.65.Bz – Foundations, theory of measurement, miscellaneous theories (including Aharonov-Bohm effect, Bell inequalities, Berry's phase)
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005