Continuous variable encoding by ponderomotive interaction
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Camerino, via
Madonna delle Carceri 9, 62032 Camerino, Italy
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 16 November 2005
Recently it has been proposed to construct quantum error-correcting codes that embed a finite-dimensional Hilbert space in the infinite-dimensional Hilbert space of a system described by continuous quantum variables [D. Gottesman et al., Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001)]. The main difficulty of this continuous variable encoding relies on the physical generation of the quantum codewords. We show that ponderomotive interaction suffices to this end. As a matter of fact, this kind of interaction between a system and a meter causes a frequency change on the meter proportional to the position quadrature of the system. Then, a phase measurement of the meter leaves the system in an eigenstate of the stabilizer generators, provided that system and meter's initial states are suitably prepared. Here we show how to implement this interaction using trapped ions, and how the encoding can be performed on their motional degrees of freedom. The robustness of the codewords with respect to the various experimental imperfections is then analyzed.
PACS: 03.67.Pp – Quantum error correction and other methods for protection against decoherence / 32.80.Lg – Mechanical effects of light on atoms, molecules, and ions / 03.65.Ta – Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005