Investigations of ultrafast phenomena in high-energy density physics using X-ray FEL radiation
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 12 October 2005
The advent of highly intense and ultrashort pulses of short-wavelength radiation in the vacuum-ultraviolet to X-ray regime provides for the first time the possibility to study plasmas at the time scale of equilibration or even electron thermalization. The emerging radiation sources are free-electron lasers (FEL) based on high-energy electron accelerators. FELs provide a peak brilliance nine orders of magnitude higher than the best performing X-rays sources today. The FEL radiation parameters will enable the creation of high-energy density states of matter and the development of new diagnostics tools to investigate dense plasmas. As the first of the new sources the VUV-FEL at DESY, Hamburg becomes operational for high-energy density physics experiments during 2005.
PACS: 41.60.Cr – Free-electron lasers / 42.55.Vc – X-ray and γ-ray lasers / 52.40.Db – Electromagnetic (nonlaser) radiations interactions with plasma / 52.50.-b – Plasma production and heating / 52.70.La – X-ray and γ-ray measurements
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005