Lithium atom interferometer using laser diffraction: description and experiments
Laboratoire Collisions Agrégats Réactivité, IRSAMC, Université Paul Sabatier and CNRS UMR 5589, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex, France
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 1 February 2005
We have built and operated an atom interferometer of the Mach-Zehnder type. The atomic wave is a supersonic beam of lithium seeded in argon and the mirrors and beam-splitters for the atomic wave are based on elastic Bragg diffraction on laser standing waves at nm. We give here a detailed description of our experimental set-up and of the procedures used to align its components. We then present experimental signals, exhibiting atomic interference effects with a very high visibility, up to %. We describe a series of experiments testing the sensitivity of the fringe visibility to the main alignment defects and to the magnetic field gradient.
PACS: 39.20.+q – Atom interferometry techniques / 03.75.Dg – Atom and neutron interferometry / 32.80.Lg – Mechanical effects of light on atoms, molecules, and ions
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005